Although its use as a general anaesthetic was discontinued (owing to side-effects), GHB is still used today in treating conditions like sleep disorders (especially, narcolepsy) and alcohol dependence (Carter, Pardi, Gorsline, & Griffiths, 2009; Lee & Levounis, 2008). There is a strong suspicion that GHB may also be positively associated with symptomatic relief – especially pain – in cases of fibromyalgia (WebMD, 2013).
In the late 80s, gamma hydroxybutyrate enjoyed popularity as a performance-enhancing and weight-reducing supplement. Additionally, it was also (promoted and) sold by supplement companies for its ‘mood-elevating’ and ‘sexual pleasure-improving’ abilities (Stein et al., 2011).
Subsequent reports, however, of adverse effects – 3 deaths and 122 cases of effects of the serious kind (WebMD, 2013) – associated with the use of GHB supplements lead to a federal ban (in 1990) on its presence in food supplements (Stein et al., 2011). Currently, GHB is a schedule III prescription drug used only in conditions like narcolepsy and paralysis associated with it (WebMD, 2013).
Although used for treatment of clinico-pathological conditions (and as an illegal drug of abuse), gamma hydroxybutyrate was used (prior to 1990) as a supplement ingredient; this was to:
Dosage of gamma hydroxybutyrate (to cause weight loss) have not been defined. For use in other conditions, GHB is recommended in a dose of (WebMD, 2013):
Gamma hydroxybutyrate (also called ?-hydroxybutyrate, GHB, Liquid Ecstasy, Midnight Blue, Blue nitro or Cherry Meth) is a drug that works by its action on the central nervous system. It enhances transmission across cholinergic (and dopaminergic) synapses in the brain; producing euphoria, mental alertness and dissociation from social inhibition (Enevoldson, 2004; Miotto et al., 2001; Sumnall, Woolfall, Edwards, Cole, & Beynon, 2008). Improved talkativeness, skill learning and improved dance performance are some of the effects reported on short-term use.
Not surprisingly, these actions make GHB a ‘club drug’ and a potential drug of abuse.
Interestingly enough, in high doses, GHB can cause opposite effects – drowsiness, induction of sleep, an altered state of consciousness and temporary amnesia – not surprisingly, it has gained notoriety as a ‘date-rape drug’ (along with flunitrazepam, Rohypnol)!
As stated previously, GHB causes:
However, larger doses can cause (Enevoldson, 2004):
In extreme cases, seizures, respiratory arrest and death can occur!
Additionally, there are certain conditions under which GHB should be strictly avoided; GHB may aggravate these conditions: some of these are:
Furthermore, combining GHB with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants like benzodiazepines (as is the practice with drug abusers) may expedite the onset of adverse effects (Druginfo.org.au, 2013). A particularly scary observation is that regular use of GHB increases the susceptibility of an individual towards use of other substances of abuse – including alcohol – as well (Buckman, Yusko, White, & Pandina, 2009).
On account of GHB posing a serious threat to human health, use of GHB (or closely related analogues like gamma butyrolacton (GBL) and butanediol) in food supplements remains BANNED!
Possible mechanisms (WebMD, 2013) through which gamma hydroxybutyrate induces improved exercise performance and loss of body weight while maintaining or improving lean mass are:
Although shown to be effective in treating pathological conditions, there is severe dearth of scientific literature about its efficacy in causing weight (or improving exercise performance and lean muscle mass). Add to that the fact that GHB is a potential drug of abuse, has a serious adverse effects on human health and increases the likelihood of addition to other drugs, makes GHB an ineffective and dangerous ingredient of food supplements!
Thus, we are of the opinion that gamma hydroxybutyrate cannot be recommended for weight-loss under any pretext!
Disclaimer: Our reviews and investigations are based on extensive research from the information publicly available to us and consumers at the time of first publishing the post. Information is based on our personal opinion and whilst we endeavour to ensure information is up-to-date, manufacturers do from time to time change their products and future research may disagree with our findings. If you feel any of the information is inaccurate, please contact us and we will review the information provided.