Most of us have probably taken an Omega-3 supplement at some point when we realised that we weren’t eating enough fish like other mothers told us to.
But are they as good for us as we think?
What is better for us? A study revealed that everything we know is wrong.
What is Omega-3?
Omega-3 is a polyunsaturated fatty acid and is important for normal metabolism. There are 3 types of omega-3 fatty acids and they are:
- A-linolenic acid (ALA) found in plant oils
- Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) found in marine oils
- Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) found in marine oils
Marine algae and phytoplankton are primary sources of omega-3 fatty acids. Common sources of animal omega-3 EPA and DHA fatty acids are fish oils, egg oil, squid oils and krill oil. Whereas common sources of plant oils containing omega-3 fatty acids are walnuts, flaxseed oil, clary seed, edible seeds and algal oil.
We have always believed what the package says and there have been studies to show that omega-3 protects the brain from cognitive decline and dementia. The test asked people to perform tests regarding memory, recall and executive thinking function. Those who ate more foods or took supplements containing omega-3 scored higher on the tests.
A Change in View
Recently a new study has been released showing that it does not benefit cognitive decline in older people. Sourced from Science Daily, 4000 patients were studied over a five-year period to find out if omega-3 supplements really do help with cognitive brain functions, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Emily Chew, M.D., deputy director of the Division of Epidemiology and Clinical Applications and deputy clinical director at the National Eye Institute (NEI) part of NIH, said that “Contrary to popular belief, we didn’t see any benefit of omega-3 supplements for stopping cognitive decline.”
She led a study that investigated a combination of supplements for slowing age-related macular degeneration (AMD), one cause of loss of vision in older Americans. People once believed that regularly eating fish such as salmon, tuna and halibut could lower rates of AMD, cardiovascular disease and possibly dementia.
All participants had early or intermediate AMD. They were 72 years old on average and 58 percent were female. They were randomly assigned to one of the following groups:
1. Placebo (an inert pills)
2. Omega-3 (specifically docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 350mg) and eicosapentaenoic acid (650mg))
3. Lutein and Zeaxanthin (nutrients found in large amounts in green leafy vegetables)
4. Omega-3 and Lutein/Zeaxanthin
They were given cognitive tests at the beginning of the study, two years in and then at four. Over time the cognitive scores of each group began to decrease, showing the supplements had no effect.
Dr. Emily Chew went on to say that “We’ve seen data that eating foods with omega-3 may have a benefit for eye, brain and heart health,” as taking a supplement is very different from eating foods containing omega-3.
The bottom line is that supplements are not the fast cure. You are what you eat, and you’ve got to eat well. Maybe it was too late for some of the people in our study.
Should we be taking it?
We’re not equipped to make omega-3 from scratch, which is why we need to eat polyunsaturated fats to gain this nutrient. From looking at the study and the research we have found it would seem that it will be better to eat fish as part of a meal and healthy balanced diet instead of taking a supplement as it just isn’t good enough.
- DHA is important for visual and neurological development in infants.
- It lowers inflammation, a key component in asthma, improves lung function and can cut the amount of medication a person needs to control the condition.
- Can reduce the symptoms of ADHD in some children and improve mental skills. But they shouldn’t be used as a primary treatment.
- Some of the research can’t be guaranteed, it won’t work for everyone.
- Some fatty fish is likely to have higher levels of mercury, PCBs and other toxins. The culprits being mackerel, wild swordfish, tilefish and shark.
- Farm raised fish of any type have higher levels of contaminants. Children and pregnant women should avoid these entirely. Wild trout and wild salmon are safer.
You should always consult your GP before taking any supplement to make sure it is right for you and won’t interact with any medication you are currently taking.
Disclaimer: Our reviews and investigations are based on extensive research from the information publicly available to us and consumers at the time of first publishing the post. Information is based on our personal opinion and whilst we endeavour to ensure information is up-to-date, manufacturers do from time to time change their products and future research may disagree with our findings. If you feel any of the information is inaccurate, please contact us and we will review the information provided.